The process of water borehole drilling isn’t quite as daunting as it sounds. Water well drilling to access a fresh and private water supply has many benefits. Providing the water is of adequate quality, the greatest advantage of installing a well is to save money. Following the installation of a private water well within a property, be it for business or residential purposes, the entire water supply is then channelled from that source. In terms of commercial use, this can be an especially good cost cutting measure.
We have looked at the many benefits of well drilling in a previous post, but the Borehole Solutions team, UK based providers of water borehole drilling and other drilling services, wanted to detail the process further. In the following post, we look at the process of water borehole drilling for use in a private property.
What happens during water borehole drilling project?
A water borehole prognosis report based on a hydrological survey is first needed before any drilling work can take place. The report is a crucial step in the project and should be carried out by a specialist hydrogeologist. On completion, the report will have identified the location of the water source, the quality of the water and the volume at which it can be extracted. The report will also assist in locating exactly where the drilling should commence and the well installed.
Once all parties are happy, the next step in the water borehole drilling process is our favourite part, the drilling. Using specialist machinery, a well is drilled to the desired depth before a well casing is built and inserted to prevent the walls of the well collapsing. Depending on the project the casing could be built using stainless steel, PVC, or a combination of both. A test pump is then inserted to derive information about the potential and performance characteristics of the well being drilled. The water level in the abstraction borehole and the pumping rate is also monitored. The final step is to install the pump and pipe which will be abstracting the water intended for use.
Is permission needed to drill for water?
There is no need to apply for a permit or planning permission to begin drilling a water borehole if it’s the landowner doing so. Landowners have a legal right to the water supply beneath their land. There is, however, a limit to how much water can be extracted. In accordance with the Water Act of 2003, up to 20,000 litres of water can be extracted per day. For anyone wishing to use more, an abstraction licence will be needed.
How safe is borehole water to drink?
When compared to mains water, borehole water can be of a considerable higher quality. Almost half of all mains water comes from recycled wastewater, so to ensure a level of quality is met before water reaches our homes, companies add chemicals such as chloride and fluoride. In comparison, most borehole water is entirely safe to consume. However, when considering the organic nature in which it is channelled, there is a small possibility for contamination. If this is the case, then it is simple enough to fix with the installation of water filtration system.